[alsa-devel] channel swapping issue on OMAP3/TWL4030 is back

Peter Ujfalusi peter.ujfalusi at ti.com
Fri Mar 22 14:04:42 CET 2013


On 03/22/2013 01:49 PM, Peter Meerwald wrote:
>>>> I'm running Linux 3.7 on a beagle-xm and observe very reproducible stereo 
>>>> channel swapping issue on playback of a stereo stream (one channel has a 
>>>> sine, the other is zero); the channel swap occurs on starting the playback
>>>> it appears that the swapping issue is back, probably due to the DMA rework 
>>>> in recent kernel?
>>> kernel 3.4 does not have the issue
>> Well, then, I guess, you'll have to bisect it down.
> here it is:
> 946cc36ae550ea52adee0f42ac5034a34b5393be is the first bad commit
> commit 946cc36ae550ea52adee0f42ac5034a34b5393be
> Author: Peter Ujfalusi <peter.ujfalusi at ti.com>
> Date:   Fri Sep 14 15:05:58 2012 +0300
>     ASoC: omap-pcm: Convert to use dmaengine
>     Original author: Russell King <rmk+kernel at arm.linux.org.uk>
>     Switch the omap-pcm to use dmaengine.
>     Certain features are not supported by after dmaengine conversion:
>     1. No period wakeup mode
>        DMA engine has no way to communicate this information through
>        standard channels.
>     Signed-off-by: Peter Ujfalusi <peter.ujfalusi at ti.com>
>     Tested-by: Janusz Krzysztofik <jkrzyszt at tis.icnet.pl>
>     Signed-off-by: Mark Brown <broonie at opensource.wolfsonmicro.com>

Yes the issue surfaced again with the dmaengine conversion. But at the end it
boils down to the OMAP dmaengine implementation.
For audio to work correctly we expect that the DMA _is_ started after the
omap_dma_issue_pending() call, but it is not true for OMAP.

omap_dma_issue_pending() will start a tasklet which is in charge to start the DMA.

In audio case this is how the call chain looks like:

beagle-gentoo ~ # aplay media/2ch-left-since.wav -q
[  473.128753] omap-dma-engine omap-dma-engine: allocating channel for 33
[  473.139587] omap_mcbsp_dai_set_dai_fmt
[  473.148345] omap_mcbsp_dai_hw_params:
[  473.155822] omap_mcbsp_config:
[  473.160369] omap_pcm_trigger: start
[  473.164062] omap_dma_prep_dma_cyclic (dma_ch: 2)
[  473.173828] omap_dma_issue_pending (dma_ch: 2)
[  473.177795] omap_mcbsp_dai_trigger: start
[  473.182006] omap_mcbsp_start
[  473.189025] omap_dma_sched
[  473.191864] omap_dma_start_sg (dma_ch: 2)

You can see that McBSP is started before the DMA because of the tasklet in

Russell: can we remove the tasklet use from dma-omap and start the DMA right
away in omap_dma_issue_pending()? This is the only way to prevent channel swap
when starting audio.
Other devices might not care if the DMA is not started at the time we tell it
to start, but for audio we need to make sure it is.


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