[alsa-devel] [PATCH 0/8] Rework KERN_<LEVEL>

Andrew Morton akpm at linux-foundation.org
Tue Jun 5 23:28:26 CEST 2012

On Tue,  5 Jun 2012 02:46:29 -0700
Joe Perches <joe at perches.com> wrote:

> KERN_<LEVEL> currently takes up 3 bytes.
> Shrink the kernel size by using an ASCII SOH and then the level byte.
> Remove the need for KERN_CONT.
> Convert directly embedded uses of <.> to KERN_<LEVEL>

What an epic patchset.  I guess that saving a byte per printk does make
the world a better place, and forcibly ensuring that nothing is
dependent upon the internal format of the KERN_foo strings is nice.

Unfortunately the <n> thing is part of the kernel ABI:

	echo "<4>foo" > /dev/kmsg

devkmsg_writev() does weird and wonderful things with
facilities/levels.  That function incorrectly returns "success" when
copy_from_user() faults, btw.  It also babbles on about LOG_USER and
LOG_KERN without ever defining these things.  I guess they're
userspace-only concepts and are hardwired to 0 and 1 in the kernel.  Or

So what to do about /dev/kmsg?  I'd say "nothing": we retain "<n>" as
the externally-presented kernel format for a facility level, and the
fact that the kernel internally uses a different encoding is hidden
from userspace.

And if the user does

	echo "\0014foo" > /dev/kmsg

then I guess we should pass it straight through, retaining the \0014. 
But from my reading of your code, this doesn't work - vprintk_emit()
will go ahead and strip and interpret the \0014, evading the stuff
which devkmsg_writev() did.

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